Muntinlupa nearing the century mark

By Ignacio Bunye
July 12, 2019


Up to 1901,  Muntinlupa was part of Morong District (which was later renamed Rizal Province).  Two years later,  the Philippine Commission decreed – for reason unknown - that Muntinlupa should be part of  Laguna, more specifically, the town of Biñan.     


But town residents, led by Marcelo Fresnedi,  felt a closer affinity to the province of Rizal.  Upon their petition,  Muntinlupa once again became part of Rizal, but as a barrio of Taguig.


During  the next twelve years,  residents dreamed of becoming a separate municipality.  They finally got their wish on December 19, 1917 (exactly 99 years ago today), when Governor General Francis Burton Harrison signed Executive Order 108, creating the Municipality of Muntinlupa. Vidal Joaquin became its first Mayor.


The name Muntinlupa (literally “small land”) is actually a misnomer. With a land area of  46.7 square kilometers, Muntinlupa is actually the fourth  largest political unit in Metro Manila, next only to Quezon City, Manila and Makati.


Formerly ranked as a 5th class municipality in the late ‘80s, Muntinlupa metamorphosed into a highly urbanized  first class city  in 1995. Thanks, in large measure,  to the  confluence of good geography,  a very supportive community and good local governance.


Depending on which direction one is headed, Muntinlupa can be considered either as the Gateway to Metro Manila or the Gateway to the fast-developing Calabarzon. With its huge tracts of prime land beckoning developers, Muntinlupa is definitely a prized business destination.


When one flies over Muntinlupa, one can not help but notice large patches of green, a rarity in highly urbanized Metro Manila. This phenomenon has earned Muntinlupa its title as “Emerald City of the South”.


Up to the 1930s, Muntinlupa was mainly a fishing and farming community. Things  changed with  the relocation of the New Bilibid Prison from its old site in Oroquieta, Manila and the establishment of  the Alabang Stock Farm. 


During the war, Filipino political prisoners were locked up in Bilibid only to be sprung free from their Japanese captors by the famed Hunters ROTC guerrillas.


The Alabang Stock Farm became famous not only for producing breeding stock for dispersal but also for its Serum and Vaccine Laboratory (SVL).  SVL was the only producer in the country of anti-venom serum, among other vaccines.  


But just outside the boundaries of  these two public institutions, was a virtual wild west. President Fidel V. Ramos  recalls that one of his earliest assignments as a young Constabulary officer was to chase cattle rustlers in the vicinity of  present-day  Alabang Town Center.  Decades later, PFVR was among the first to relocate to Muntinlupa when Ayala Alabang opened.


What probably brought impetus to Muntinlupa’s development was the construction of a single lane dirt road,  cutting across former rice fields,  which connected  Highway 54 (now called EDSA) to the Alabang Junction.  The dirt road was meant as short cut for around 10,000 Boy Scouts who were supposed to attend the  1958 10th World Jamboree in Mount Makiling, Laguna.


The dirt road eventually  become the South Super Highway. It was not long before factories started sprouting on both sides of the highway. Because of its proximity to Makati,  Muntinlupa benefitted from  the southward expansion of business.  First came Ayala. Much later, Filinvest and other top business names.


At the local government, things also started to pick up. The LGU tapped various stakeholders – principally the newly-relocated business leaders who made Muntinlupa their second home.  Together with representatives from Muntinlupa’s  other sectors, they  helped craft a strategic development plan which aimed, among others,  to make Muntinlupa a very business-friendly and green community.


Post-Edsa, Muntinlupa was the first Metro Manila  LGU to fully computerize its real property tax administration (RPTA), making it number one (per the Department of Finance) in realty tax collection efficiency.  By 1987, a one-stop one-shop business environment was fully in place.


Human resource development  took center stage  alongside  infrastructure development.  Public  education was boosted with the establishment of the Muntinlupa Polytechnic College (now Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa), the Muntinlupa Science High School, and the Muntinlupa Business High School.  


Muntinlupa expanded its public health program with the opening of Ospital ng Muntinlupa  and the refurbishing of city health centers. Muntinlupa gave meaning to accountability and transparency  by institutionalizing its  annual State of the Municipality (now City) Address. Muntinlupa also actively promoted sister city relationships with both international and local counterparts.


Muntinlupa is currently headed by Jaime R. Fresnedi (City Mayor) and  Rufino Rozanno Biazon (Congressman). The following make up the City Council: Celso A. Dioko (Vice Mayor and Presiding Officer), Councilors (District I): Ivee A. Tadefa, Atty. Patricio L. Boncayao, Jr., Bal Niefes, Stephanie G. Teves, Louisito A. Arciaga. Allan Camilon, Ringo A. Teves, Alexander B. Diaz. Councilors (District II): Christine Abas, Grace Gonzaga, Ma. Dhesiree G. Arevalo, Lucio Bago Constantino, Victor Ulanday, Marissa Rongavilla, Rafael T. Sevilla, Lester Baes.


Year after year, Muntinlupa has been recognized for achievements in various fields of governance.


To mention just some of  the most recent awards:   ISO 9001 – Quality Management System (City Government of Muntinlupa, Ospital ng Muntinlupa, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa); Seal of Child-Friendly Local Governance (from DSWD and DILG); Runner-up, International Best Practice Competition (from Asian Productivity Organization and Development Academy of the Philippines  (2015); Seal of Good Financial Housekeeping (DILG); Seal of Good Local Governance (DILG); Special Citation as Most Business-Friendly LGU (PCCI); Excellent Rating  on Anti-Red Tape  (Civil Service Commission). The city police force was rated “Best in Crime Solution Efficiency” in 2015.



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